Citizen-Led Accountability: Strategies and Tools
Classroom Videos: Selected Social Accountability Practices
Chavez, E. (2009). Participatory urban planning in the Philippines. [Video file].
Part 1 (4:10 min.) and Part 2 (4:56 min.)
Independent Budget Analysis
Citizen Report Card
Blair, H. (2011). Gaining state support for social accountability. In S. Odugbemi & T. Lee (Eds.),
(pp. 37-51). Washington, DC: World Bank. (4.28 Mb pdf) Accountability through public opinion: From inertia to public action
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. (2017).
Alternative federal budget 2017. Ottawa, ON: CCPA.
Citizens Foundation encourages citizens' participation in governance.
Civicus monitor: Tracking civic space. Interactive world map provides live updates from civil society around the world, track threats to civil society and learn about ways in which our right to participate is challenged.
Enabling environment. Refers to the conditions within which civil society operates.
Cornwall, A. & Gaventa, J. (2001).
Bridging the gap: Citizenship, participation and accountability. (PLA notes no. 40). Brighton: IDS. (Read page 32-35). (22K pdf)
Economist Intelligence Unit. (2016).
Flynn, A. (2016).
Participatory budgeting - Not a one-size-fits-all approach. Free and open access from Osgoode Digital Commons. (605K pdf)
Freedom House. (2017).
Freedom in the world report. Years available: 1998-current.
Global Citizens Initiative. (2016).
The state of world collaboration: The country global citizenship report card. (5.36 Mb pdf)
Global right to information rating map. . Halifax, NS: Centre for Law and Democracy.
Guénéheux, D. & Bottomley, A. (Eds.). (2014).
Accountability for civil society by civil society: A guide to self-regulation initiatives. Johannesburg, South Africa: CIVICUS. (1.94 Mb pdf)
Halloran, B. (2015).
Strengthening accountability ecosystems: A discussion paper.
Hovland, I. (2005).
Stakeholder analysis (352K pdf). In (p. 8-9). London: Overseas Development Institute. (539K pdf) Successful communication: a toolkit for researchers and civil society organisations
Luttrell, C., et al. (2007).
The power cube explained. (Empowerment note 3). (252K pdf)
Malena, C. (2015).
Citizen-led accountability 2015. [Prezi presentation].
McNeil, M. & Malena, C. (Eds.). (2010).
Social accountability in Africa: An introduction. In Demanding good governance: Lessons from social accountability initiatives in Africa (pp. 1-28). Washington, DC: World Bank. (2.26 Mb pdf)
Newell, P. & Wheeler, J. (2006).
Making accountability count. (IDS policy briefing issue no. 33). Brighton: IDS.
O'Meally, S. C. (2013).
Mapping context for social accountability: A resource paper. Washington, DC: World Bank. (859K pdf)
Participedia harnesses the power of collaboration in response to new forms of participatory politics and governance around the world.
Reuben, W. & Levy-Benitez, M. (2003).
The role of civic engagement and social accountability in the governance equation. (Social development note no. 75). Washington, DC: World Bank. (138K pdf)
Shahrokh, T. & Lopez-Franco, E. (2015).
Achieving meaningful accountability for people living in poverty and marginalisation. (Policy briefing no. 2). Sussex, UK: Institute of Development Studies.
Sharp, G. (1973).
198 methods of nonviolent action.
Tembo, F. (2013).
Rethinking social accountability in Africa: Lessons from the Mwananchi Programme. London, UK: Overseas Development Institute. (Read pages vii-ix). (2.65 Mb pdf)
Thampi, G. K. (2017, April 18).
Social accountability from the trenches: 6 critical reflections [Blog post].
Stakeholder analysis matrix template.
Transparency International. (2016).
Corruption perceptions index 2016.
World Bank. (n.d.).
Social accountability e-guide: A step-by-step approach to integrating social accountability into projects.
Ackerman, J. M. (2005).
Social accountability in the public sector: A conceptual discussion. (Participation and civic engagement paper no. 82). Washington, DC: World Bank. (693K pdf)
Just and democratic local governance: Accountability: quality and equity in public service provision. (ELBAG handbook series). [n.l.]: ActionAid. (1.01 Mb pdf)
Networked toolbox: Community scorecard.
Affiliated Network for Social Accountability in East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA-EAP). (n.d.).
The tools of social accountability stocktaking: Getting to know the lay of the land: scanning, scoping, mapping and profiling. (997K pdf)
Agarwal, S., Post, D., & Venugopal, V. (2013).
How-to notes: Citizen report cards: monitoring citizen perspectives to improve service delivery. [n.l.]: World Bank.
Ahman, R. (2008).
Governance, social accountability and the civil society. Journal of Administration & Governance, 3(1). (116K pdf)
Asian Development Bank. (2007).
Improving local governance and service delivery: Citizen Report Card learning tool kit.
Bank Information Center. (2007).
Tools for activists: An information and advocacy guide to the World Bank Group. (1.28 Mb pdf) Also available in Hindi (4.48 Mb pdf), Bahasa (251K pdf), Chinese (5.82 Mb pdf) and Russian (968K pdf).
The Community Score Card CoP.
Community Score Card implementation guidance notes: Recommendations from CARE CSC experts. (1.82 Mb pdf)
CARE Malawi. (2013).
The Community Score Card (CSC): A generic guide for implementing CARE'S CSC process to improve quality of services. Published by Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere. (6.69 Mb pdf)
Chene, M. (2011).
Good practice in strengthening transparency, participation, accountability and integrity. U4 Expert Answer, no. 274.
Claasen, M. Alpin-Lardies, C. & Ayer, V. (2010).
Social accountability in Africa: Practitioners' experiences and lessons. Published by ANSA-Africa. (3.18 Mb pdf)
Das, A. (2013).
How do we know we are making a difference? Challenges before the practitioner of community monitoring processes in assessing progress and evaluating impacts. New Delhi: Centre for Health and Social Justice. (1.05 Mb pdf)
Democracy and governance resources from the Communication Initiative Network.
Fox, J. (2014).
Social accountability keywords 2.0. Presented to the Social Accountability core corse 2014, World Bank. (240K pdf)
Fox, J. (2014).
Social accountability: What does the evidence really say? (GPSA working paper no. 1). Washington, DC: Global Partnership for Social Accountability. (1.38 Mb pdf)
Fox, J. & Aceron, J. (2016).
Doing accountability differently: A proposal for the vertical integration of civil society monitoring and advocacy. (U4 issue no. 4). Bergen, Norway: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre.
Fox, J. & Halloran, B., et al. (Eds.). (2016).
Connecting the dots for accountability: Civil society policy monitoring and advocacy strategies. Report from international workshop, Washington, DC, June 18-20. London, UK: Transparency & Accountability Initiative.
Gaventa, J. (2006).
Finding the spaces for change: a power analysis. IDS Bulletin, 37(6), 23-33. (120K pdf)
Golding, S., et al. (2012).
Tax justice advocacy: A toolkit for civil society. Published by Christian Aid.
Gopal Jayal, N. (2008).
New directions in theorising social accountability?. IDS Bulletin, 38(6), 105-112.
Governance, an Eldis resource guide.
Governance resources published by IDS.
Grandvoinnet, H., Aslam, G., & Raha, S. (2015).
Opening the black box: The contextual drivers of social accountability. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Grant, E. & MacArthur, T. (2008).
Accountability briefing note. London: DFID. (353K pdf)
Hakikazi Catalyst, REPOA & TGNP. (2008).
Follow the money: A resource book for trainers on public expenditure tracking in Tanzania. Edited and published by the Local Government Working Group of the Policy Forum. (2.75 Mb pdf)
"Haz Parte" (Be A Part of It) Project is a participatory budget programme in the municipality of La Serena in Chile. The programme is an instrument for social and citizen participation in identifying needs that are most important to be resolved in the municipality.
Imata, K. (2012, May 4).
Civil society engagement with the World Bank - glass half empty?. [Civicus blog].
Kafakoma, R., et al. (2005).
Local government accountability. (Power tools series). (143K pdf)
Leavy, J. (2014).
How useful are RCTs in evaluating Transparency & Accountability projects?
McGee, R. (2011).
Apparently transparent: Does accountability deliver? The Broker, 25, 14-18.
McGee, R. & Gaventa, J. (2011).
Shifting power? Assessing the impact of transparency and accountability initiatives. (IDS working paper 383). (200K pdf)
Morgan, C. (2007).
Gender budgets: An overview (Report No. PRB 07-25E). (97K pdf)
Neuman, L. (2016).
The right of access to information: Exploring gender inequities. IDS Bulletin, 47(1), 83-97.
Odugbemi, S. & Lee, T. (Eds.). (2011).
Accountability through public opinion: From inertia to public action. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Participatory Budgeting Project is being implemented in Kenya by Fahamu, a network for social justice. A documentary and manual are available for viewing.
Ramkumar, V. (2008).
Our money, our responsibility: A citizens' guide to monitoring government expenditures. Washington, DC: International Budget Project.
Ramkumar, V. & Shapiro, I. (Eds.). (2010).
Guide to transparency in government budget reports: why are budget reports important, and what should they include? Published by International Budget Partnership. (573K pdf)
Shukla, A. & Saha Sinha, S. (2014).
Reclaiming public health through community-based monitoring: The case of Maharashtra, India. Kingston, ON: Queen's University.
SUPRO: Campaign for Good Governance, People's Republic of Bangladesh. This organization strives to incorporate good governance into all aspects of life.
72 frequently asked questions about participatory budgeting. (Urban governance toolkit series). (831K pdf)
Participatory budgeting in Africa: A training companion with cases from eastern and southern Africa: Volume I: concepts and principles. Published by UN-HABITAT. (1.42 Mb pdf)
Participatory budgeting in Africa: A training companion with cases from eastern and southern Africa: Volume II: facilitation methods. Published by UN-HABITAT. (1.16 Mb pdf)
World Bank. (2007, November).
Summary report. Generating Genuine Demand with Social Accountability Mechanisms. Workshop held in Paris, France. (322K pdf)
World Bank. (2012, April 10).
World Bank announces Open Access policy for research and knowledge, launches Open Knowledge Repository [Press release].