Marie Michael Library
An overview of the social, ecological and economic achievements and challenges of Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE Programme
This paper argues that the evolution of ideas about CAMPFIRE have corresponded to its growth from birth (CWM) through adolescence (co-management) to middle-age (social movement). Understood in this way, the project has missed out on a crucial episode of adulthood during which contradictions within the assumptions made about the programme could have been worked out.
Harry Oppenheimer Okavango Research Centre
Community-based Resource Management, Zimbabwe